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In the past, there have been nomenclature debates about the nectarine (Prunus persica nectarine)

In the past, there have been nomenclature debates about the nectarine (Prunus persica nectarine)

No correct and precise answer can be given to the topic of when the history of nectarines started. Some websites try to tie the history of the nectarine, Prunus persica nectarina, to that of the peach; however, this is nonsensical for various reasons, including the fact that the nectarine is not a cultivar (variant) of the peach. Because of the greater scope of contrasting some of the desired traits of each fruit in a marketing campaign, nectarine is often considered a distinct species from peach in American agricultural and commercial fruit circles. The nectarine profile, for example, is advertised as if it were the offspring of a plum and a peach, which is obviously not the case and is just one example of the many misleading claims made about the nectarine evolution in an effort to mislead and disorient prospective purchasers. It has been speculated that nectarine fruit is a fuzzy peach or a mutation of the peach that might revert to the peach form. Even though the name "nectarine," which comes from the Greek word for "nectar," was first used in England in 1616, there is no solid proof that it accurately defines the same English fruit that modern science identifies as the "nectarine." Darwin did remark that sometimes nectarines would grow on peach trees. Moreover, he pointed out that nectarine grafts from these trees would eventually yield peaches that were genetically indistinguishable from those of the mother tree. The nectarine's inconsistently fluctuating fuzzyness calls into question whether or not it really is a mutation. One idea suggests that the nectarine tree evolved from a single recessive gene; however, this is problematic when weighed against what is now known about Mendelian genetics.

According to Luther Burbank's 1921 book Fruit Improvement, "the fuzz evolved as a protection against those enemies," meaning that while the peach was able to survive in its harsh environment, the nectarine fruit with its smoother skin was wiped out. This is an example of the evolutionary concept of "survival of the fittest."

To get nectarine-like flesh and a pit with the culinary attractiveness of almond nuts, Burbank bred a nectarine with an almond. They say the commercial almonds' nutty flavor took the place of the plum pit's bitterness.

White, yellow, orange, and red are all possible colors for nectarines' pulp. The fuzz on a peach tends to dull the vivid hue of the skin underneath, which is why nectarines have more vibrant colors. When compared to peaches, nectarines are different in size, shape, sweetness, acidity, and density. Due to the peach's fuzzy protective layer, nectarines are likely more vulnerable to rot and bruises. In contrast to peaches, which are often cultivated as clingstone fruits for American markets, nectarines are grown as freestone varieties, which exhibit these similar dramatic features.

The only phenotypic difference between nectarine trees and nectarine fruit and peach trees and peach fruit is the presence of fuzz. Nectarines are really a fuzzy-free peach hybrid called Prunus persica nectarina. Nectarines are at their sweetest while still attached to their fragile skin, which is in season from June through September. While California accounts for 95% of U.S. nectarine output, new nectarine varieties are increasingly being planted in Georgia and South Carolina. Nectarine-ripe fruit may be stored for up to 5 days in the fridge's coldest section. If the nectarine has a pleasant aroma and feels somewhat yielding to the touch, it is ready to be picked from the tree.

Antioxidants, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, beta-carotene, and potassium are just some of the many health advantages that can be found in a nectarine.

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