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How to Use Stem Cuttings and Rooting Hormone to Proliferate New House and Garden Plants

How to Use Stem Cuttings and Rooting Hormone to Proliferate New House and Garden Plants

One helpful gardening strategy is to propagate new plants from those already in your home or yard. Not having to constantly replenish your indoor and outdoor plant life can save you some serious cash. Find some strong plants to use as cuttings, and then plant the cuttings in a peat moss and rooting hormone combination. The original or "mother" plant Check that the mother plant has sufficient stems to survive the clipping.

In contrast to growing plants from seeds, rooting cuttings from stems takes just about half the time. A mother plant, peat moss mixture for potting, a sharp knife or razor blade, rooting hormone, containers for keeping water and rooting hormone, alcohol, a pencil or stick, and a plastic bag are all you need to get started.

The most obvious place to take a cutting is from one of the plant's sturdy, non-flowering green stems. The optimum location to cut the stem is at the node, which is where the leaf meets the stem. In this area, the plant's growth hormones responsible for rooting the plant are concentrated. When obtaining stem cuttings from the mother plant, choose those that are still green and not woody. It is simpler to root young shoots than older, woodier stems.


Just below the node, make a slanting incision with a sterilized object (a very sharp knife or a razor blade) and repeat this process again a couple of inches higher up the plant. As a result, you should have a stem cut of approximately three inches in length with two or three nodes. Remove any new growth from the stem cuttings and trim away most of the leaves, but leave a few. Large leaves should be trimmed away since their withering puts extra strain on the stem cutting and will undoubtedly slow down the rooting process.

Use your sterile device to create a precise incision in the base node. Cutting the node in half creates the roots.

Put some peat moss potting mix into a sterilized plant pot or container, and then place the stem cuttings in there to root. When you use a peat moss potting mix, the cutting will keep its moisture without getting too wet.

Here are several recipes for creating your own peat moss mixture:

Use either half sand and half peat moss, or half perlite and half peat moss, or half sand and half vermiculite, or half perlite and half vermiculite, or use equal parts of any of these materials.

The stem cutting should be submerged in water for one inch, and then dipped in the rooting hormone. In the end, this will aid in the accelerated development of roots. The stem cutting is induced to produce new roots at the node by the rooting hormone. It's recommended to first submerge the cutting in water, and then to use the rooting hormone on it. Don't risk failure by leaving too much stem hanging around as you're cutting it. When you're done with your stem cuttings, discard any remaining rooting hormone. The hormone responsible for rooting is released as soon as a cutting of the stem makes contact with it.

Wet the peat moss potting soil and create holes for the plants to grow through. If you poke holes in the peat moss with a pencil or a stick, the rooting hormone will stay on the cutting and not on the surface of the potting mixture. Rooting the stem cuttings will increase the potential for new houseplants or garden plants to emerge from them. When you have the stem cutting in the medium, carefully pack the potting mix around it. Aim for a spacing of around four to five inches between each cutting when planting them in the soil.

Wrap the jar in plastic and store it somewhere warm. The bag's purpose is to trap heat and moisture around the stem cuttings. You're basically making a little greenhouse. Don't zip up the bag, since ventilation is essential. The cuttings should be moved to a bright spot only after new growth has appeared. Keep a close eye on your stem cuttings. If condensation forms on the bag, it means you're adding too much moisture. Remove the plastic and allow the item to air out for a while.

After a couple of weeks, gently tugging on the plant will reveal any new root development. If the plants have developed a defense mechanism, they may be moved to separate containers. You have successfully propagated a new plant from the parent plant.

Put these gardening techniques to action by propagating new plants from cuttings.

Have fun in your garden!

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